Thursday, September 2, 2010

The Philippine Informal Sector: Policies, Practices and Perspectives by: Isagani Antonio F. Yuzon

Foreword.In the International Labor Organization's (ILO) Kenya Mission Report, the concept of the informal sector was introduced as that segment whose ?way of doing things was characterized by (a) ease of entry; (b) reliance on indigenous resources; (c)family ownership;(d) small scale operations;(e) labor intensive and adaptive technology; (f) skills acquired outside of the formal sector; (g) unregulated and competitive markets?. Over time, the concept's definition has cannot be denied that the informal sector performs a significant yet contentious role in society. While it has provided jobs and reduced unemployment and underemployment, most informal jobs are low-paying and offer almost no job security at all. Encouraging entrepreneurship to help alleviate poverty, the informal sector by its very nature, has exhibited low compliance with labor standards and tax regulations. Increasing in size and role especially in economic crises and periods of transition, this informal sector is estimated to be about 4%-6% in developed economies to almost 50%-70% in underdeveloped and developing countries.

Thursday, August 26, 2010

The Roots of the Filipino Nation Vol.II by O.D. Corpuz

The Roots is above all a Filipino story.
It begins as the story of our ancestors, their differentiation into Muslims and non-Muslim, and then the division of the non-Muslims into Christians and non-Christians.  It tells of their separation for centuries, and then of how the natives, Chinese and Spanish mestizos, and even some full-blooded Spaniards born in Filipinas, united to form the Christian Filipino nation. It tells of the imperfect joining of Christians and Muslims during the American colonial regime, as distinguished for the vision of Rizal and Aguinaldo of a fraternal, all-archipelago union.

Filipino Value System by F. Landa Jocano

This book is about the commonly shared and traditionally established system of values under lying Filipino behavior. This system forms only part of the larger Filipino cultural system. Thus, it is a subsystem. But,unless this subsystem is understood in its proper cultural context, it would be difficult to appreciate its influence on Filipino individual or group behavior.

Battle of Ising by Marie Silva Vallejo

Battle of Ising: The Untold Story of 130th Infantry Regiment in the Liberation of Davao and Mindanao by Marie Silva Vallejo. 
From the Foreword. Philippine history is replete with Filipino heroes. This was especially more so during World War II when the Philippines was invaded by Japan. Many - or most - Filipino heroes, however, are unfortunately unknown to the present generation. Some medals and citations were awarded in the years just following World War II, and memorials and monuments were erected. Although memorial ceremonies were - and continue to be - held, the heroes usually remain in the background as other people take center stage. Thus, the really deserving men and women have faded into obscurity, lumped together in vague generalizations and cliches in speeches and books.
Furthermore, most of the histories of World War II in the Philippines have focused on Luzon. The battles fought on Luzon were, of course, important in the war effort, and in the wresting of the Philippines from the Japanese. But there were significant battles fought in the Visayas and Mindanao, battles which may be known in their immediate locality but not in the national consciousness.

Slavery in the Spanish Philippines by William Henry Scott

From the Introduction: Father Jose Arcilla's 1972 article on "Slavery, flogging and other moral cases in the 17th century" took many readers by surprise with its evidence of Filipino slavery as late as the 1680's. Even more surprising was the businesslike attention which a 17th century theologian could give to establishing a fair price. Arcilla cites a judgment by Dominican Fray Juan de Paz on the age at which a child slave could be considered an asset rather than a liability. "Eight taels for a twelve-year old boy is to me too little to make him a perpetual slave. In Manila, the price of a boy two or three years old is reckoned at thirty pesos more or less... Until he is eighteen or twenty years old, the service of a twelve-year old boy is of little value. One also has to consider the risk that he might die or fall sick and be of no use to the person who bought him."

Tuesday, April 13, 2010

Presidentiables and Emerging Upheavals by Homobono A. Adaza

From the FOREWORD. In the Philippines elections are games. They are without limits. They mean total war where everything is permissible – guns, gold and goons. As the cliche goes everything is fair in war and politics up to a point. The permissible limit is not to get caught. But even if caught, escape is possible if one is an ally of a mindless and corrupt national administration...

Friday, March 12, 2010

Shadow of Doubt: Probing the Supreme Court by MD Vitug

[from the back cover] When I was writing this book, there were times I was gripped by surprise and disbelief. I did not idealize the Supreme Court as a perfect place. But I did not expect it, either, to be a place that is tolerant of men and women who take integrity lightly.
It is impossible to pore over this book without developing a keen awareness of how important change is in an institution we like to call the “last bulwark of democracy.”
I brought to this work a journalist's inquiring mind, accompanied by the hope that this spurs a national conversation. And I take away from this book a deeper appreciation for the saving grace of a vigilant public.

Tuesday, January 19, 2010

JAPANESE PIONEERS in the Northern Philippine Highland

JAPANESE PIONEERS in the Northern Philippine Highland.  In the early years of the 20th century, American government installations in the Philippines were important work sites for Japanese migrant laborers. In northern Luzon, the most ambitious of these projects resulted in the creation of Baguio and its development into the country's most famous vacation resort. The building of a highway (the “Benguet Road,” later called the Kennon Road) to connect this proposed urban center to the Manila railroad employed over a thousand Japanese men. Upon the completion of the Road in 1905, some workers went to live in the Baguio­Benguet region.

Thursday, January 14, 2010

The First Filipino by Leon Ma. Guerrero

Leon Ma. Guerrero’s The First Filipino which won first prize in the biography contest sponsored by the Jose Rizal National Cen­tennial Commission in 1961 is a breath of fresh air on a worn out topic. Rizal is usually portrayed in extremes either as a sinner or a saint, but Guerrero took the middle ground and gave his read­ers a human Rizal. Guerrero’s extensive and sensitive use of Rizal’s correspondence and writings shaped a new and more human pic­ture of Rizal. It is remarkable in that the biographer usually stands aside and allows Rizal to speak for himself.